AskDefine | Define aryl

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. Any univalent organic radical derived from an aromatic hydrocarbon by removing a hydrogen atom.

Translations

univalent organic radical derived from an aromatic hydrocarbon
  • Italian: arile

See also

Extensive Definition

This article is about the aryl organic functional group. For the biological gene, see Aryl hydrocarbon receptor. For the fleshy covering of certain seeds, see aril.
In the context of organic molecules, aryl refers to any functional group or substituent derived from a simple aromatic ring, may it be phenyl, thiophenyl, indolyl, etc (see IUPAC nomenclature). "Aryl" is used for the sake of abbreviation or generalization.
A simple aryl group is phenyl, C6H5; it is derived from benzene. The tolyl group, CH3C6H4, is derived from toluene (methylbenzene). The xylyl group, (CH3)2C6H3, is derived from xylene (dimethylbenzene).
Biaryls may display axial chirality.
aryl in German: Arylgruppe
aryl in Spanish: Grupo arilo
aryl in French: Aryle
aryl in Italian: Arile
aryl in Macedonian: Арил
aryl in Dutch: Aryl
aryl in Japanese: アリール基
aryl in Polish: Grupa arylowa
aryl in Portuguese: Arila
aryl in Russian: Арил
aryl in Swedish: Arylgrupp
aryl in Chinese: 芳基
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